Posted: June 21st, 2022

PSY 410 Abnormal Psychology

Question:

Development of case studies and theoretical explanation

Stress is part of our modern world.

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Stress can lead to psychological and physical ailments.

Anxiety, fear, panic and anxiety are all closely connected to stress.

A variety of psychological disorders that are relatively common include symptoms that have anxiety as a key component.

A somatic symptom disorder is one that causes preoccupation with the body.

Dissociative disorders are characterized by a dissociative disorder, which is a mental or cognitive alteration, such as amnesia, or the development of multiple personalities in severe cases like dissociative identity disorder.

Below is a Sample Case for Woody

Click to view the sample case.

Click to view the case used in this assignment.

Woody’s mental illness will be discussed.

Click to download transcript

Check out the sample case.

Read the guidelines to help you develop cases.

One original case study should be created that demonstrates a specific diagnosis from one of the three categories: anxiety, somatic symptoms disorders, or dissociative disorder.

The case description must contain all DSM criteria required to diagnose this disorder. It may also include additional symptoms that are not listed in the diagnostic category.

You should include some information about the subject.

A variety of theoretical orientations are used to train mental health professionals.

Each theoretical orientation offers insight into why someone acts as they do.

The professional’s treatment options will be guided by the theoretical orientation.

This module has provided a number of theoretical explanations for abnormal behavior.

Some of these include behavioral, existential and cognitive theories, as well as biological and psychodynamic explanations.

Based on the theory you choose to explain the disorder, determine the treatment approach that will be used for your case.

Create your own analysis of the case characteristics and how they relate to the disorder.

Answer:

The Case Study

Presenting the Problem

Anna Brown, a 40-year-old female lawyer from Europe, complained of fatigue and went to see her primary physician.

She complained about the fatigue since last year.

Prior to that, she was in good health.

At first, she experienced frequent sore throats and colds.

In addition to her frequent infections of the respiratory tract, she also suffered from fatigue and malaise.

Because of her extreme fatigue, she often takes time off from work.

The Problem’s History

Anna claimed that she has been facing this problem for the past year.

In December 2015, her husband died and she felt the need to be in a position of stress to care for her 16-year-old daughter.

Her daughter passed New York University last February and now she only visits home during holidays.

The first signs of fatigue and respiratory issues in her daughter began last May.

Her fatigue worsened over the next six months and she was forced to quit her job as an attorney, which she had been working for, because of her poor health.

She experienced sleep disturbances, and her analysis shows that she is experiencing both initial and intermediate insomnia.

She also reported fatigue, dizziness light-headedness, full body ache, and insomnia.

Pretreatment History

The patient has been diagnosed as having hypertension since 2015.

She was first diagnosed with blood cancer by her husband in 2013. Since then she has felt extreme stress and tension.

Since November 2015 she is on hypertension medications.

She is currently on medication for high bloodpressure.

Zestril-129 is only taken once per day by her.

Medical History

Since November 2015, she has only had high blood pressure.

Her baby was born at her home.

This year, she was able to get a full body exam.

In the last one year, she has seen an internist and two rheumatologists.

Although she has had multiple tests, there was not a specific diagnosis.

According to her neurologist, her physical state was completely normal and she should consult with psychiatry.

Family History

She is a single parent and married her childhood friend when she was thirty.

She has one child, a girl, who is now 16 years old.

Her husband, who was diagnosed with blood cancer, killed her husband in 2015.

Briton is her sole residence, and her daughter resides in NY.

Developmental History

She was a seizurean preterm child.

She was born in the seventh months.

She was a normal child and had no problems growing up.

She was intelligent as a child and was always the top of her class.

Qualifications in Education

Since childhood she was a great student. She received her Law degree from Oxford University. Now she is an attorney at a well-respected Briton law firm.

Work history

Briton was her 29th year of age. She worked in a well-respected law firm, but she has been unable to go to work for the last six months due to health problems.

Legal History

She was never arrested or served any prison time.

Sexual Relationship History

She was a happy wife and had no issues with her sexual orientation.

She hasn’t been in a sexual relationship with her husband since his death.

The Case: A Review

Anna suffers from Somatoform disorder. Anna complained of severe distress and disruption for six months. This was not obvious through tests (Claassenvan et. al., 2016).

It is clear that Anna has suffered from depression, and she is left alone in her home (Claassenvan et all, 2016).

She also lives in New York with her daughter.

Because of this, she is dependent on the company and love of those she loves.

She has also been suffering from the sudden loss of her husband.

Professionals should employ behavioral therapies to improve patient’s health.

A caring professional can provide guidance and support to the patient as she tries to cope. She will also counsel her on the value of the therapeutic exercises (Zipfel, et al. 2014).

Refer to

DSM IV clinical value and DSM 5 criteria to diagnose the most prevalent somatoform disorder in patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUPS).

Journal of psychosomatic and Behavioral Research, 82, 4-10.

Meta-analysis on the efficacy of psychotherapy in severe somatoform disorders.

The British Journal of Psychiatry 204(1), 12-19.

Meta-analysis on the efficacy of psychotherapy in severe somatoform disorders.

The British Journal of Psychiatry 204(1), 12-19.

Mindfulness-based therapies to treat somatization disorders: A systematic review.

PloS one 8(8): e71834.

Behaviour Research and Therapy, 58, 65–74.

How does the new DSM-5 criteria improve classification of body dysmorphic disorders?

Journal of psychosomatic and psychological research, 78(3). 223-227.

Focal psychodynamic treatment, cognitive behaviour therapy, & optimised treatment as normal in outpatients suffering from anorexia nervosa. Randomised controlled trial.

The Lancet 383(9912), pages 127-137.

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