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Posted: January 7th, 2022

Hypothesis

Description

EXP1-3: Individual Differences in Cognition Discussion Post

Find and summarize an empirical article to answer the question in the discussion post. Include a sentence describing the introduction, hypothesis, methods, results, and discussion sections of the article.

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Include a reference of the article in APA style at the end of your post. Respond to two other student’s posts with an explanation of what you find interesting about their article.

Question

Is our basic knowledge innate or acquired from experience? That is, what capacities of understanding do core-knowledge theorist suggest that infants have in the following domains: Physical, Numerical, Linguistic, Psychological, and Biological?

Thank you.Here are the two peers’ posts to reply to:1- Within minutes of birth, infants have a special interest in face-like stimuli. Wilkinson et al. (2014), tested whether binocularly correlated signals are related to infant’s visual preferences of faces.

They tested this through examining the extent to which a stimulus causes synchronous activity in the retinae of the newborns. It was found that face preferences may stem from the binocular correlations that attract newborn visual attention.

Overall, this behavioral observation furthers the research done on the biological preferences of children.

Wilkinson, N., & Paikan, A., & Gredebäck, G., & Rea, F., & Metta, G. (2014). Staring us in the face?

An embodied theory of innate face preference. Developmental Science, 17(6), 809-825. org.ezproxy.lib.usf.edu/10.1111/desc.12159 (Links to an external site.)

2- The determination as to whether knowledge is innate or acquired has been up for debate for decades among psychologists and researchers within this field. Studies have shown there are four core knowledge systems (Kinzler & Spelke, 2007).

Each of these systems seeks independence from the others by the principles that serve and support them. Researchers believe that core concepts are resilient and can be overcome (Kenzler & Spelke, 2007).

Subjects like math and science have evolved over time as learners became “aware of their reasoning and the world phenomena they sought to understand” (Kenzler & Spelke, 2007).

This is also the case for children when they learn how to count, and once they learn how to count they add new concepts to reason addition and subtraction, and then multiplication and division.

The learning is done through experience, it is not innate in them when they are born from the womb. The same is true when they change the conceptions of biological processes like eating and breathing.

Spelke, E. S., & Kinzler, K. D. (2007). Core knowledge. Developmental science, 10(1), 89-96.

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