Posted: June 22nd, 2022
Disseminate about the Culture of Secrecy and Japanese Religion.
Buddhism is a religion that Gautama Buddha discovered. His religious philosophy is found in the first sermon by Buddha near Varanasi.
The Eightfold Path and four Noble Truths are the core of Buddhism’s teachings.
They believe that the world is filled with suffering and that human desires are the root cause of this suffering. The path to salvation can be found by renunciating all desires and following the Eightfold Path.
It is a religion that is found in the Indian subcontinent. It is based on spiritualism and not religious teachings.
The religion is divided into four main branches, starting with Theravada Buddhist which is the oldest and emphasizes the difference between monks’ authority as well as that of lay people.
It preserves and preserves the traditions of prayer and meditation towards enlightenment. This religion is also present in countries like Myanmar and Sri Lanka.
The second branch, the Mahayana Buddhism, is the second-oldest in age. This religion does not place much emphasis on monks’ authority and instead relies on compassion and belief that all can attain the Buddha level by self sanctification. Andreasen 2014
This religion is predominant in Japan and Vietnam.
Thirdly, the Tibetan Buddhism is under the leadership Dalai Lama. This was after Tibet was occupied by China.
The Mahayana teachings are the basis of this religion, which encourages followers to return to Tibet.
Zen Buddhism is the last branch that combines Mahayana Buddhism with Taoism, which has its roots in China.
Its followers are taught that every person can be a Buddha, and that all people have the potential to reach the highest level of Zen practice.
Buddhism: Culture and beliefs
Buddhism is a rapidly growing religion, with more than 480 millions people worldwide subscribing.
It holds that people should attain spiritual awakening called Nirvana through ethical and moral living, meditation, and other activities.
The religion is characterized by a large amount of people who spend considerable time contemplating their own lives in order to find solutions to life’s problems.
Buddhism believes that suffering in humans is due to human desires. These desires can lead to trouble in one’s life.
The religion uses its Four Noble Truths as a way to alleviate suffering in people’s lives.
Reincarnation is believed by the followers. This is the foundation of the belief in consciousness, where it can reincarnate when one dies.
People experience many cycles of life, death, rebirth, and ultimately, a return to earth in different forms.
People who are able to forgo the world’s desires can achieve nirvana which is characterized by peace.
One is freed from suffering, want, and the entire cycle of rebirth.
It also uses the eightfold path to wisdom to guide people into spiritualism.
The categories include the following: right belief; thought; speech; action; means of livelihood; meditation practices, right effort, and correct remembrance.
Individuals can reach their ultimate goal in life by following the eightfold aspect of the religion.
One can attain eternal peace, and one is freed from all worldly pleasures as well as the cycle between birth and death.
It is a compromise between the worldly pleasures as well as spiritualism in which individuals follow the teachings from the religion.
The Eightfold Path includes five Precepts, which are a set of guidelines that Buddhists must follow.
The consequences of breaking the law require that we review the lessons and learn how to avoid future violations of the law (Coleman 2016,).
These five precepts cover understanding the training that is required to protect the life and health of living creatures.
The second aspect entails the training to prevent taking things that are not permitted.
The training includes instruction in how to avoid sexual misconduct and false speech (Van Gordon Shonin Griffiths, Singh, 2015).
The training includes abstinence from intoxicating substances that can lead to immoral acts.
Religions also believe in the Law of Karma. This is where man determines his destiny.
This means that if one makes good choices throughout life, he will be reborn as a higher version of himself until the cycle of death ends. Fogelin 2015.
One can control his or her own actions to avoid tragedies in the future by staying good at all time.
Evil acts can lead to suffering that repeats in the future and has a negative effect on one’s life.
This is why the religion encourages people do good and follow the middle way that does not strain anyone.
Furthermore, the religion’s cultural emphasis is on the importance and value of sanctity life. They rely on the aspects of love, compassion and a preservation of living animals by abstaining any act that might harm them.
It preaches equality for all people, which is evident in the opposition to The Caste System. These are the individuals of lower class who turned to the religion for help when they were treated badly by upper-class persons (Safran 2013).
However, it condemns animal sacrifice since it is against the belief of the religion.
But the religion doesn’t deny or recognize God’s existence.
People who practice the religion are considered peaceful to ensure that they maintain ethical practices and reach spiritual nirvana.
This means that individuals must maintain a positive outlook and take the appropriate actions to match the culture of their religion.
Paulsen (2014) explains that individuals must follow the law in order to avoid falling prey to corruption and other violations of the law.
As individuals adopt the culture and practice it, they reflect spiritualism.
People who follow the religion don’t worship any deities and instead worship and pray to find inner peace.
A lot of time is therefore spent on the spiritual nirvana towards purification, holy living, and holy living.
Many Buddhist holidays and celebrations are based upon the lunar calendar. These dates vary depending on which group is celebrating and where they were born.
Magha Puja day and Obervance day are the holidays. Kathina ceremony is also included. Festival of Floating Bowls, Festival of Floating Bowls, Ancestor day, Dhamma festival, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhammi, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Dhamma, Festival of Floating Bowls, Festival of Floating Bowls, Festival of Floating Bowls) and Festival of Floating Bowls Teeuwen and Teeuwen 2015.
People are permitted to enter the temple wearing casual clothes, but they may be asked to take off their shoes at times.
Cameras and other devices used for reporting are not permitted at the place of worship, unless the priest has approved.
When leading a service, the priest addresses the faithful as Reverend Roshi or Lama.
Food In Buddhism
Buddhism is guided primarily by its beliefs, which promote the preservation and protection of living creatures.
Many Buddhists choose vegetarianism because of this belief.
However, certain religions allow the consumption of fish.
Buddhism, on the other hand, does not recommend the use of alcohol. It can distort the normal state and lead to unethical behavior (Flood 2013).
This means that it recommends drinking water for nourishment and eating vegetables, fruits, and sugar. It also suggests chewing between meals, as opposed to heavy-eating.
The religion recommends that you eat plain or bland food.
As a way to encourage generosity and sharing, monks can also be given food.
The early Monks relied on alms food donations from supporters. Anything offered was to be received with gratitude, despite the nature and cost of the meal.
So long as the animal isn’t killed for the monks (Sivaraksa 2015.)
The followers of the religion originated in China and Vietnam eat meat, fish, eggs and other foods while rejecting pungent spices such onions and garlic.
Additionally, the sect offers suggestions on following daily meal plans that have breakfast served at 8:45 and lunch at 1pm, with dinner at 6pm.
This schedule is useful in controlling appetite and ensuring meals are prepared at the correct time with proper nutrition (de St. Maurice 2015).
The schedule encourages people to eat with their families, not in restaurants.
Meditation helps to ease digestion and calms people.
The religion has special rituals for meals that are taken after meditation.
The Buddhist religion places food as a fundamental part of Buddhism. Each group has their own preferences.
Kwon & Tamang 2015: The decision to eat meat rests with the individual as long as they follow the correct procedures and are not directly involved in the death of any animal.
Some people are opposed to meat consumption and prefer to consume vegetarian food. They also avoid alcohol as a refreshment.
A family’s willingness to eat vegetables is encouraged not only for religious reasons but also for their health.
Buddhism has been around since ancient times.
The spirituality aspect of Buddhism is based on meditation. It encourages people to practice ethical behavior and live well so that the same can be done in their daily lives.
Special attention is given to vegetarians who eat vegetables.
These religions have special worship practices that care about the health and well-being of their followers.
Refer to Reference List
Popular Buddhism in Japan: Buddhist Culture & Religion.
Buddhism in a Dark Age – Cambodian Monks and Pol Pot by Ian Harris
de St. Maurice G. (2015).
Cuisine and Empire, Cooking in World History, By Rachel Laudan.
The Truth Within: An History of Inwardness and Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism.
An archaeological history Indian Buddhism.
Oxford University Press USA.
Journal of Ethnic Foods. 2(2). pp. 45-46.
Buddhists: The Lives of Practitioners.
John Wiley & Sons.
Book Review: Crossroads In Psychoanalysis Buddhism Mindfulness: Word and Breath.
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. 6(6). pp. 1170-1175.
Psychoanalysis and Buddhism are cultural institutions.
Crossroads of Psychoanalysis, Buddhism, Mindfulness:The Word and the Breath p.187
Scheid (B.) and Teeuwen (M.), 2015.
The culture and secrecy of Japanese religion.
The Handbook of Tibetan Culture: A Guide to Tibetan Centres and Resources around the World.
Conflict, culture, and change: Engaged Buddhism in an era of globalization.
Simon and Schuster.
Van Gordon, W. Shonin E. and Griffiths M.D.
Singh, N.N. 2015
One mindfulness: Why science, Buddhism and science must co-exist.