Posted: June 21st, 2022
Write about the Populate or Perish.
After the end to World War II, Australia’s government took the crucial step to implement changes related the migration.
Australia had to reconsider their ideal population following the Japanese near invasion.
Australia is the nation that was founded on the colonial ideologies of the white supremacy (Farquharson K. 2015).
These ideologies are what supported and shaped the settlements in Australia, as well as the aboriginal population.
These ideologies were also responsible for shaping the migration system, immigration policy and Immigration Restriction Act of 101, also known as White Australia Policy.
Australia saw itself as the “white country” and its white people, and they separated themselves from “Asians”.
Australia needed skilled migrants after the Second World War.
The nation also needed the human capital to defend itself.
Accordingly, “Populate or Perish” was the motto of the country.
This slogan was for post war migration.
Ben Chifley (Prime Minister) stated that Australia was a target of the powerful enemy, and that there is a possibility of an invasion.
Accordingly, the Prime Minister believes that Australia should be populated quickly before another country does.
Near Invasion of Japan was the national experience which prompted us to rethink the racist White Australia Policy. (Birrell Hill and Nevill 1985).
The White Australia Policy was eliminated and the country’s immigration policy has shifted to skills over race.
While Austrlian is positive about the idea to increase its population by providing entry for skilled migrants, it prefers the European migrants who are skilled workers such as miners, factory workers, and construction workers.
European migrants brought different customs, languages, experiences, and culture to the table than British migrants (Madden J.A. (2015)).
The British migrants began to decline while the Australian government began recruiting from other sources.
The government of Australia began to offer assistance for unskilled labourers and tradesmen.
The government began to bring displaced people from Eastern Europe or the Baltic States.
These people were placed under the protection of the International Refugee Organization.
In 1949, large-scale immigration began. This included immigrants from other parts of Europe.
Populate and perish were not only about increasing the country’s population, but also to increase its socio-economic status by employing skilled workers.
The trade qualifications and skills of migrants from Western Europe and Southern Europe led to the government of Australia accepting them.
They helped develop Western Australia’s industrial sector through their skills and knowledge.
“Chamberlain Tractors, Wondowie Charcoal, Iron and Steel Industry, Kwinana Oil Refinery, steel rolling, cement manufacturing projects, and the Pinjarra aluminaindustry were some of the most important industries” (Brett 2007 13).
Australia is the only country that was racially discriminated against. Whitlam government officially ended this practice in 1973.
Due to “too many abortions”, the white sociocultural dominance in Australia was a significant concern.
Aborting women was seen to be a threat for the security of white socio-cultural dominance (Millar E. 2015).
These migrants were brought to Australia by their families and kept in refugee camps. The immigrants were moved to Holden Camp in Northam and provided shelter, food, as well as assistance from the Commonwealth government.
The “New Australian” received English language classes, vocational training and assistance to help them settle in their new country (Armillei R., Mascitelli B. 2017,).
The Australian Government has continued to focus its attention on the migration policy, which assists in selecting young, wealthy, and healthy migrants after WWII and the complexities of the modern visa system.
Australia’s migration policy continues to support British hegemony. It also supports white dominance.
Australia is the only country to have faced and continue to practice racism, discrimination, and inequality.
Australia’s government mainly focused its efforts on making Australia a white country.
De Lepervanche (2013) also noted the gender inequalities.
It was also apparent in the immigration policies.
The Australian government restricted entry to migrants from India and China, preferring that only white people enter the country, and that white men give birth to increase the country’s small population (Soldatic K. 2015).
The 1970 policy that restricted non-white people from entering the country didn’t work. Many Asians arrived in Australia and made it multicultural (Armillei R. and Mascitelli B. 2017).
Slowly, the law was repealed against non-Europeans and non-Europeans were allowed to settle permanently within Australia.
In 1966, the restrictions on Asian immigrants were lifted (Armillei R., Mascitelli B. 2017,).
The White Australia Policy was repealed in 1973 and replaced by the multicultural strategy.
Due to the increase of Chinese and other Asian immigrants, the country’s demographics changed in the 20th century.
Because Europe and Italy had changed their financial circumstances, the population of Italian and European immigrants began to decline after 1970. People stopped looking for work in other countries.
However, the motto of populate or perish was fulfilled mainly by European migrants. They were the primary drivers of Australia’s population growth as well as diversity growth.
Australia is known for being a multicultural country because it has accepted people from many cultures to settle permanently in Australia.
Racism and discrimination remained high because of the cultural diversity of the nation. But, cultural diversity played a significant part in the development and growth Australian economics.
Mascitelli and Armillei, R., 2017.
In Living in Two Homes (pp.
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What happens when you overpopulate?
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Australian Journal of Political Science, 42(1) pp.1-17
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Sydney Studies in Society and Culture.
Australian Racial Ideology – From Cultural Homogeneity To Multiculturalism
In 22nd International Conference of Europeanists.
British migrants in South Australia post-war: expectations and lived experiences (Doctoral dissertation).
2015, Millar, E.
Post-colonial productions: Indigeneity, disability and the formation the white male settler state in Australia.
Social Identities 21, (1), pp.53-68.