Mesopotamia is the Birthplace of the “Dawn Of Religion”.
Discuss how these early spiritual beliefs developed from this dawn, all the way to monotheism’s emergence.
Religion: Ancient Mesopotamia, Modern India
Through the fourth millennium B.C., Ancient Mesopotamia was a melting pot of different cultures. This was when the conflict between Sumerians and Akkadians led to the inventions and use of writing, reasoning, religion, and the three most important components of society.
The people began to worship nature, and religion was the main element.
The Mesopotamian Pantheon was made up of Gods and Goddesses that ruled over abstract elements, such as the God An who ruled Heaven and Inanna, the Goddess for love and war.
From 3000 B.C.E., Indus Valley civilization was responsible for the establishment and propagation of religious idea as people traveled towards the East.
Until the incorporation the Hindu Rig Veda in around 1000 B.C.E.
The subsequent thousand years saw the evolution and adaptation of worldly views. These included the manifestations of the Upanishads (800 – 400 B.C.E.).
Following the preaching by Mahavira of the Jain doctrines, and the rise of Buddhism (500 B.C.E. ),
This led the spread of the Brahmins’, Buddhists’ and Jains’ religions.
This is known as the pre-classical period.
The Indian civilization experienced the beginning of the classical period. This period lasted from 600 C.E. to 1000 C.E. It was marked by the creation of the prototypes of the orthodox Hindu faith.
The rise of Mahayana Buddhism was followed by Hinduism. It also established the state as an Hindu-Buddhist society.
Finally, the modern period saw the rise of the Islam and Hindu civilizations throughout the Indian subcontinent, between 1000 and 1750 C.E.
This period saw the reign and rise of Mughals.
Amplified European invasions ended the medieval era.
Gough Archibald Edward.
The philosophy and metaphysics of ancient Indians: The philosophy that the Upanishads taught.
Saggs Henry William Frederick.
The encounter with the Divine in Mesopotamia & Israel.
Bloomsbury Publishing. 2016.