IRHR3035 Managing Diversity

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Question:

Table of Contents

Disseminate about Cultural Anthropology, and Important Documentary.

Answer:

Introduction

Culture refers to a way of living that includes customs and language, dressing, tradition, belief, knowledge, law, morals and art.

Culture is a concept in anthropology that describes the diversity of phenomena that can be transmitted through social learning within human societies.

Culture is what defines us and gives our identity.

Cultural diversity refers the quality of diverse and different ways of living.

Cultural diversity is studied in many areas, including material culture. This includes food and food customs and tools, as well as clothing, housing and travel.

Eller (2016).

The structure of different social institutions and institutions is different depending on culture. This includes the structures of family, marriage, age groups and kinship.

Different cultures have their own political institutions and social control.

Different cultures have different worldviews in terms of knowledge, behavior, and even magic.

Every community is unique in its language, art and play.

Cultural diversity is important because schools, the workplace, and our country are made up of many cultural, racial, or ethnic groups.

Understanding our differences, cooperation, and collaboration can help us learn from one another and remove prejudices and stereotypes.

Eller (2016) has shown that globalization, westernization and civilization can have negative effects on diverse cultures.

I will be reviewing and critically analyzing two films from the semester, which show cultural diversity and dynamism.

Cannibal Tours, Tokyo-Ga are the two films that were chosen.

Tokyo-Ga (1985) is a documentary about Win Wenders’ 1985 journey to Japan. He attempts to capture the transcendent beauty he associates in the sacred films by Yasujiro Ozu but fails to find it. His travelogue and ethnographic studies of Japanese culture and people show a rutinized, soulless behavior.

Wenders goes to Japan to capture images of Tokyo.

Wenders visits Chishu Ryu, an actor who was featured in Yasujiro’s films. This allows him to learn the working methods of Yasujiro.

They both visit Yasujiro’s grave which is unmarked, but contains the Chinese symbol that means ‘nothingness.

Wanders travels to the top of the golf driving course and visits a factory that makes the wax food displays, which can be found all over the country.

Wonders meets Herzog Werner, a fellow German filmmaker, at the Tokyo Tower.

Werner laments about the demise of truth imagery in the world after he watches a group Japanese teens dress up as 1950s ‘greasers’, and then dances to American rock & roll.

Wenders meets Yuharu Atsuta (Michael Fogerty 2016).

They discuss Yasujiro’s simplistic shooting style and demonstrate the use of a low tripod.

Wenders can show that Yasujiro and the people depicted in his films are not only gone, but may never have existed if Yasujiro had thought of them.

Wenders discovers Ozu’s film on the Integration of the Japanese Family was a mere attempt to make order out of chaos.

Wenders’s critical analysis of Ozu films’ vivid and transparent beauty is profoundly insightful. However, his efforts to reach a greater philosophical and sociological significance by comparing Yasujiro images with the flurry of junk and unwanted pictures of Tokyo now filled with neon lights and many flickering TV screens that show American films and baseball are not as successful.

Wenders believes that America’s culture is increasingly poisoning the globe. He attributes the loss of Tokyo’s culture to postwar Japanese westernization and people’s insatiable desire for order and easy-to-understand images. But he can’t explain why.

Wenders sees the erosion of Japanese culture as something that makes them unique and attractive. He also points out how teens dress up and dance to American rock ‘n’ roll. Wenders also notes the modernization of Tokyo through the installation of multiple TV screens that only show American Movies and Baseball.

The documentary shows how westernization, globalization, and civilization have all contributed to the destruction of Yasujiro’s beloved culture.

Wenders claims that by stripping the cinema down to its essentials, that is, a fixed camera with no moving parts, Ozu shows the decline in the Japanese family and also the loss of the nation’s identity. Thus, Ozu has shown us the loss of Japanese culture that was reflected through local food and music, as well the simplicity of Tokyo.

The Tokyo-Ga is an important documentary.

It’s the Tokyo-Ga Scouting Trip.

It’s a film diary-like that Win Wenders made while traveling to Japan to view the works Yasujiro Ozu. He discovers how Tokyo is different from what Ozu had shown.

Cannibal Tours

Dennis O’Rourke 1988 is an Australian filmmaker and cinematographer who made Cannibal Tours.

This anthropologic film demonstrates the struggle between primitive and civilized people to fully understand the other’s culture.

This quasi-documentary film features two perspectives. One belongs to tourists, and the other to natives.

Cannibal Tours document a cruise-ship tour to the region near River Sepik in Papua New Guinea.

This ship carries American and European tourists, who are looking for ‘Primitive cultures’.

The film depicts cross-cultural miscommunications and misunderstandings between host and tourist.

This situation is both humorous and troubling.

These eco-tourists from America and Europe travel from one village in Papua New Guinea to the next.

The tourists are seen bargaining for handcrafted local items and taking photographs of every aspect the primitive lives of the natives. They also pay to see the rituals and practices that were sacred to them (Visual Anthropology 2016, 2016).

The film also shows the horror of German colonization of New Guinea in black and white photos from 1880s-1914.

These behaviors show O’Rourke’s pervasive ethnocentrism.

Because they are so busy exoticizing the Sepik River’s life, the tourists are eventually dehumanized.

O’Rourke’s Cannibal Tours, a stunning documentary about O’Rourke’s culture, is quite sophisticated.

While tourists snap pictures, locals complain and lament.

This video shows how little the west understands their culture.

Cannibal Tours succeeds in being both charming but also devastating. This is a great combination.

It seems like both cultures are completely misunderstood.

Cannibal Tours can be divided into two parts.

The first is an actual journey made by the wealthy eco-tourists from America and Europe on a luxury cruiseship that travels along the mysterious Sepik River, Papua New Guinea.

The second Journey, which is the true text of the film, is a metaphysical one.

It represents an attempt to find the place of the other in modern fantasy.

It is a glimpse into the desire of civilized individuals to encounter primitive cultures.

The film shows how tourists treat natives disrespectfully and how ignorant they are about their culture.

They think they are helping the locals economically but in reality they aren’t as they bargained and asked for lower prices.

Tourists also disrespect the culture of the local people by entering sacred places and demanding entertainment that uses sacred ceremonies.

Because they are poor, the tourists demand that residents submit to their demands.

The German tourist who recounts the history of cannibalism can also be used as a basis for the title ‘Cannibal tours’.

As a German tourist, he is very obsessed with cannibalism. This is evident in his persistent and aggressive questioning of local Native men about the past practice. He also takes pictures of the areas where residents used to practice headhunting. Even other tourists try to talk about the symbolic interpretation of cannibalism.

This documentary focuses on the rich European and American eco-tourists who are the true cannibals. Their arrogance and primitive fantasies of natives, as well as their acquisitiveness and photography, is what the documentary aims to show.

O’Rourke Cannibal Tours has created a documentary that portrays tourists as individuals driven by strange beliefs, behavior, ideas, and even intents.

However, tourists are wrong to believe that the native culture is inferior.

Because of the inexplicable traits they attribute to residents, the local people represent modernity. The western tourists are guilty.

The film ends with the western tourists embracing the culture of the natives. This is evident when they dance, move and box to the local music while having their faces painted like the natives.

This is the beauty of cultural integration and cultural tolerance.

Conclusion

Cultural diversity is an important aspect to humanity.

Eller (2016). Our individuality is made up of our diverse political, economic and cultural beliefs and practices.

Different races and ethnicities should not divide us, but rather unite us in our shared ideas, beliefs, and practices.

Cannibal Tours (Dennis O’Rourke) and Tokyo-Ga (Win Wenders) show how diverse cultures in developing countries are under threat from the effects of globalization, westization, and civilization.

We need to promote cultural tolerance in order to preserve our identity.

Wenders isn’t happy about the West’s influence over Tokyo. It has resulted in culture erosion under the name of civilization.

O’Rourke is not happy about the European and American tourists’ view of the culture of River Sepik, Papua New Guineans as primitive and uncivilized.

These two films encourage us accept the culture of others since it gives us an identity.

References

Cultural anthropology. Global forces, local peoples.

Tokyo-Ga (1985). Important documentary (Y?haru Asuta).

14 September 2016.

[Accessed April 25, 2017].

Cannibal Tours – 1988 – Dennis O’Rourke

4 September 2016.

[Accessed April 25, 2017].

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