HIS114: American History II

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You will use visuals to present the origins and actions taken to break down barriers between cultures for your Case Study.

A case study helps the reader to understand the problem and to identify the best solution.

You will investigate a historical event, issue, and their repercussions in this case study.

You will need to investigate the immediate and long-lasting effects of these repercussions on the cultural group.

You must ensure that your presentation is balanced with both visual and written elements.



The South African National Day of Protest (1950), a historic event, was the occasion at which the National Executive of the African National Congress held an emergency meeting on 21 May 1950.

This presentation serves the following purpose:

To give historical context to the South African National Day of Protest, and to examine the event from different perspectives.

To give an overview of the people directly or indirectly affected by this event, and the presence of various barriers during it.

Historical context of The Topic:

The event was triggered by the implementation of Racist Laws.

1948: The National Par ty -ledgovernment comes to power and implements Racist law

1st May 1950: The Government published Unlawful Organizations Bills (also known as the Suppression of Communism Act).

12th May 1950: The Immorality Amendment Act No 2150 is passed. It prohibits adultery between white and black people

14th May 1950: An emergency conference is called by the ANC to discuss the Unlawful Organizations Bill.

15 May 1950: The Cape Town City Hall witnessed a protest against the Unlawful Organization Bill

21st May 1950: The ANC calls a one-day national protest at home on 26 June 1950 against Unlawful Organizations Bill.

All were asked to abstain from work in protest against the Unlawful Organizations Bill on 26th

Analyse The Event From Different Perspectives

Role Of Government

The African party-led government played a significant role in the implementation of discriminatory legislations and was the main driver for the African National Day of Protest.

1948’s election of Nationalist Party was the start of apartheid policies.

The Nationalist Party obstructed all protest by nonwhites

This resulted in major leaders of the ANC, the Pan African Congress (PAC), and their imprisonment (Maylam 2017).

Analyse The Event From Different Perspectives

Role of the apartheid cultural:

Tensions between the government and the public were exacerbated by apartheid-style culture.

The apartheid ideology that was brought to power by the racist National Party not only made it impossible for non-whites to access public services or building entrance, but also denied black citizens the right to citizenship.

The apartheid culture was the main reason for the abolishment of all non-white political representation.

Analysis of the Event from Different Perspectives

A frightening state of people:

Apartheid was cruelly and forcibly segregating people. Protests were a response to this frightening state.

That was when many countries began to move away from racial policy.

People began to fear apartheid’s more rigid racial policies.

There was much speculation about the motivation for support of the apartheid policy.

Fear and racial superiority were the main reasons for these policies.

People were concerned about losing their jobs, culture, and language.

This shows the mental state of people.

This may be a reason for protests by opposing bodies. (Clark & Worger 2016).

People directly or indirectly affected by the event

Many apartheid policies which discriminated against black Africans in employment and participation in other services were implemented by Apartheid policy.

Apartheid policy was the cause of racial tension and the exclusion from many areas of the black race.

Unlaw Organizations law had a direct impact on the ANC as it stopped them from participating in protest.

Any organization or person that could pose a threat to the safety of members of the public was subjected to restrictions.

Thus, in 1960, members of the ANC were expelled and many of their leaders ended up behind bars.

Nelson Mandela was one the political prisoners that fought to end apartheid

South African’s economy was negatively affected by the apartheid laws. Discrimination caused significant revenue loss and security concerns.

It lost its trust and partnership with international organizations (Mamdani 2018, 2018).


The presentation examined the case of the 1950 National African Day of Protest.

This historical overview gave insight into National Party’s actions and the effect of Unlawful Constitution laws as the trigger of the event

ANC started a day to protest discriminatory laws and encouraged people to avoid work.

ANC members were jailed after being outlawed.

Summary of Barriers

Stereotypes: Stereotyping was the main obstacle that prevented unity and divided South Africa into two distinct groups, white and non-white.

Strong colonial influences: This was the main reason for poor control.

The British and Dutch occupations of Cape colony led to the western orientation.

The Blacks were excluded from the west orientation.

This meant that the richness and diversity in culture was ignored and was a source of many negative influences.

Systemic barriers: The election to the Apartheid government could be considered as a systemic obstacle to the event’s control.

Language: The failure to protest is also due to language barrier.

The division of culture was caused by the dominance of English and poor integration in African languages.


Immediate: The event had immediate consequences. It led to the imprisonment of ANC, as well loss of economic and national reputation.

Today: South Africa’s transition from apartheid has been to the free and open political election process.

Racism is a different concept for South African citizens today. However, the attitude and mindset of people has not changed.

People continue to engage in racial prejudice in an unconscious way.


Reviewing the case study reveals the impacts of the apartheid upon people, countries, and their economies.

The events in Africa caused significant racial tensions and a loss of reputation and economic strength for the country.

The long-term consequences of the event can still be felt today because the attitudes of people have not changed.

Discrimination issues still exist for certain sections of society.

Refer to

National Day of Protest 1950.

Mandela’s Children: Growing up in post-apartheid South Africa.

Life in Apartheid Era South Africa.

South Africa: The rise of apartheid.

Citizen and subject : Contemporary Africa and the legacy late colonialism.

Princeton University Press.

South Africa’s racist past: History and historiography of racism and segregation.

Timeline for the African National Congress 1950-1959.

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