Responsibility Of A Career Counsellor

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Table of Contents

1) Identify the Career Counselling Theories and how these Theories may be helpful in explaining John’s Situation.

2) As an Attending Career Counsellor, describe your Professional and Ethical Responsibilities throughout the Sessions.

3) Identify Objective Assessments’ Purpose and How it Contributed to Your Assessment of the Situation.

4) The considerations on Objective Testing.

Before, during, or after the Counselling Session.

The Counselling Session will be evaluated by John.



Career counselling helps people find the right career path.

It is crucial that a career counselor takes on this responsibility, as the person’s personality, educational background, and areas of interest will all be considered before recommending a career choice.

We have covered in detail two theories, namely John L. Holland’s theory and Donald E. Super’s theory.

In the case study, John’s personality was highlighted as well as the development stages in establishment.

Personal Counselling

Counsellor: Hi John.

John: Hi!

Counsellor: What’s your day like these days?

Counsellor: Would you like to share anything with me?

John: I was doing well, and I was happy with my lifestyle until recently, when I started having problems with my wife, as well as my work.

I’m having difficulty at work and don’t feel fulfilled.

I am also disturbed by the fact that my son has undergone psychological evaluations and treatment.

Counsellor: Do you feel unhappy about your professional as well as personal life?

John: Yes, I do need your guidance.

1.Career Counselling Theory That Is Useful For John’s Situation

John was experiencing difficulties at work as a result of the above case study.

John was also experiencing problems with his spouse.

John felt that he was working in the wrong place.

He visited the counsellor. Mr. Tan, a career counselling supervisor, assisted him.

Holland’s theory regarding career choice: This is a key theory that helps you choose the right career path and how to grow your career.

This theory suggests that most people are able to identify one of six personality characteristics: realistic, socially, investigative, artistic or conventional.

These are the Holland codes.

The Holland codes are a way to create a positive work environment.

In order to be satisfied at work, everyone needs to match their personality and their workplace environment.

The Holland theory is summarized below.

Holland said that most people in society have one or more of these six personality types.

These six personality types include social, traditional, enterprising, inventive, realistic and artistic.

These are commonly referred to by the Holland codes.

When people of similar personality work together, the workplace environment is positive and healthy because everyone works and thinks in the same way (Patton& McMahon (2014)).

The purpose of work is the reason for it.

The purpose could be to make money or find self-satisfaction (Foutch and al.

John will be happy if he works in an environment that suits his personality.

Super’s career progression theory: This theory acknowledges the changes that people experience as they age.

John was 44 years of age when he entered the establishment phase (Walsh in 2014).

The five career development and life phases of Super are the following:

Growth- A person’s average age is between 0-14.

This stage helps to develop self-concept as well as the need for the world.

Exploration- The participants’ ages range from 15 to 24.

The participant explores the world and discovers new things.

Establishment- Participants in this stage are between 25-44 years old.

In this stage of life, the entry level skills are established and maintained.

This is the most crucial phase in career development.

Maintenance- In this phase, there is a continuous adjustment process to improve the current position.

The participants’ ages range from 45 to 64 in this phase.

Participants are over 65 in this phase.

The output of the participants is drastically reduced and they prepare to retire (Sampson and al.

This theory holds true for John since he was 44 at the time of the exploration phase. In this phase, he was most productive.

2. Professional and ethical responsibility

Career counseling is a professional profession. Counsellors must uphold their professional responsibilities, code of ethics, and codes of practice.


The counsellor must maintain the client’s privacy as part of his or her ethics.

The confidentiality of clients must be maintained by the counsellor.

John’s counsellor needs to keep John’s confidential information secret (Herlihy & Corey (2014)).

John should also be made aware of any treatment or therapies he is undergoing.

The counsellor must also show kindness to the client.

John was in a traumatise stage and needed to be handled with care.

Other ethical considerations include:

Beneficence – A career counselor is responsible for making sure that the client’s best interests are met.

The counsellor must do what is best for the client during counselling sessions.

This is a significant responsibility for counsellors and should be kept up by them.

Non-malfeasance. Counsellors must avoid any kind of non-maleficent activities with clients.

This is an important ethical issue and must be adhered to by the career counselor.

Autonomy: This is one of the most important ethical responsibilities. It encourages the client’s independence and allows them to make difficult decisions without any guidance from the career counselor.

Justice: It is the ethical responsibility of counsellors to provide equal treatment to all clients regardless of race, age, or ethnicity.

The counsellor should not encourage discrimination.

Professional Responsibilities

Counsellors must be able to understand their clients and have an open and honest conversation with them.

Communication between counsellors and clients must be clear and accurate. Counsellors should make it easy for the client to talk about their problems.

John was experiencing difficulties at work as well as conflicts with his spouse.

He also had personality disorder.

His son was suffering from personality disorder and was feeling that he had made a wrong choice in his career.

John is guided by a counsellor who helps him to understand his difficulties.

The counsellor must also have sufficient knowledge and training to assist clients in specialized areas.

A counsellor’s other responsibility is to make sure he is competent enough to become a career counselor.

This is vital, as many people’s career decisions are dependent on these counsellors.

Counsellors are responsible for ensuring that they adhere to ethical and professional standards.

3.Purpose of Objective Evaluation and Its Importance When Analyzing the Situation

Objective assessment is a process that identifies a single correct answer to one question.

Leong (2014). Objective assessment is a valuable assessment tool for assessing a person’s personality.

Objective assessment helps to understand a person’s personality.

The objective assessment of John is helpful in understanding and analysing John’s personality.

Psychological tests assess a person’s mental functioning.

If used by a counsellor, the objective assessment would be helpful in understanding John’s issues and analysing his situation.

DiSC is one tool that can be used to assess counselling needs.

This is an important tool that John could use for career counselling.

John’s personality can be assessed using the science and techniques of DiSC. Then, the best career options could be suggested.

The assessment tool could also help to resolve and reduce internal conflicts.

DiSC has two main benefits: it is simple and affordable.

This assessment tool is unique in that it allows you to match job opportunities to your personality.

These assessment results are reliable and valid.

John can use this tool to assess his career.

MBTI is another useful tool in career assessment.

This tool is highly effective and suitable for Assessing the personality of John.

It can be used to avoid conflict resolution, identify the core areas of interest, and suggest career options.

John’s case illustrates how MBTI is the best assessment tool for career counselling.

MBTI’s main advantages include the ability to avoid and resolve conflicts, identify strengths and ensure that those strengths are highlighted.

This assessment tool can be used to help with career development.

MBTI is also helpful in developing communication strategies.

MBTI helps to develop thinking skills.

This tool also helps to develop emotional intelligence.

John was having a lot of issues and was unhappy at his job, so it was important to concentrate on his strengths when suggesting a career.

MBTI requires a deep understanding of one’s personality.

John is a good candidate for MBTI and DiSC assessment tools. The results obtained are reliable.

MBTI, however, is more appropriate for John’s career counselling.

Both tools are both valid and effective.

Counsellors can rely on the results from both of these tools.

MBTI might be recommended to John as a tool for assessing his personality.

MBTI has a positive effect on counselling sessions as John can rely on the results.

MBTI can positively impact the counselling session and adds validity to it.

John could use the MBTI assessment to assess his personality. A counsellor could also assist him in identifying the areas where he is most interested so that he could choose the best career option.

John can benefit from the MBTI tool because it helps him understand his problems.

This assessment tool is also effective in analysing John’s problems and understanding his personality.

MBTI will help John increase his emotional intelligence, as well as pinpoint his interests.

John’s counselling will be more successful if he uses the MBTI assessment tool.

4. Objective Testing

The objective testing is a valuable test for personality assessment and career counselling.

A complex process of objective testing requires that the counsellor follows various steps during the test and after it is finished.

Before Testing

The counsellor should follow standardised educational assessments procedures in order to successfully assess the client.

Here are the steps to follow:

Maintaining Security and Integrity of The Assessment

Counsellors must ensure that the integrity of the test and test results is maintained.

The material for testing objects should only be used for that purpose and not sold.

Preparation for the Testing Clients

Clients who will be undergoing career counselling should be prepared for the test.

The objective test administrator is responsible to prepare the clients.

Clear instructions to clients are essential for the best preparation.

Practices while the test is being taken

It is essential that the test be conducted in a fair and impartial manner.

It is important that the assessment goes on without interruptions.

The person taking the tests must read the instructions clearly.

The administrator should observe all examinees in the test area and make sure that no malpractices occur.

John was 44 and thus was in the career establishment phase.

The career counselor should help John find the right career path and help him support his family in the same way he supported them earlier.

After Test

The results of the client’s test are then analysed and presented.

Results are presented once the assessment has ended.

The authenticity of the assessment results cannot be compromised or altered.

John’s use of MBTI and DiSC assessment tools is justified. The results are reliable.

MBTI, however, is more appropriate for John’s career counselling.

Both tools are both valid and effective.

Counselors can rely on the results from both of these tools.

MBTI might be suggested and recommended to evaluate John’s personality.

MBTI has a positive effect on counselling sessions as John can rely on the results.

MBTI positively affects the counselling session and adds validity to the session.


Career counseling is an important activity. The counsellor should provide proper guidance so that every person can choose the right career.

John found the counseling session to be very helpful and the counselor was able solve most of his problems.

John should consider the MBTI assessment.

John was guided well to find the career he wanted.

The counselling session ended with me as a counselor being able to motivate John for a better life.

Refer to

The creation and use of a database about Holland’s theory as well as practical tools.

Journal of Career Assessment, 22(1):188-202.

ACA ethical standards.

John Wiley & Sons.

Career development and vocational behaviour of racial/ethnic minorities.

Career development, systems theory: Connecting theory with practice (Vol.

The content analysis of career planning theory, research and practice–2013.

The Career Development Quarterly 62(4): 290-326.

Career counseling: Topics in vocational psychology today.

Counseling psychology and optimal functioning of the human mind.

Administration practices for standardised assessments

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