Disseminate about Settlement and Mirgation in Canada
The world has shifted to the realms humanism and social justice, which aims to ensure settlement for the homeless.
Unaccounted migration to North American and European countries has been a common outcome of war-torn Africa.
For those in crisis, Canada and the USA have been the best options for refuge (Riano Alcala & Goldring (2014).
Both countries’ governments have been ethical and helpful in settling refugees.
The majority of the refugees or immigrants are Africans and Afghani (Nettelbeck and colleagues, 2016).
These people have had to flee their country because of the constant wars and internal corruption (White & Domene 2017).
This report is a kind of initiative to liberate people who have been removed from their homeland. It tries to give them a new identity.
The report has several segments.
The report’s first segment examines Monika Delmo’s documentary film that depicts two teens from Africa arriving and settling in New York.
The report reviews the film and then identifies the micro, macro, and mezzo issues. It also proposes intervention strategies for the welfare immigrants.
The report concludes by attempting to legitimize refugees’ situation.
The mother carries the child, and it becomes everybody’s.
Monika Delmo directs Every Body’s Children.
The director captured several images that depict an invisible ladder.
The film portrays the escape route of two teens seeking refuge in Toronto.
Saillieu Dankieh 16, flees his country Sierra Leone as a result of the constant effects of war.
He is separated from his mother and flew to Canada carrying a single suitcase.
Joyce Nsimbah, on the other hand, arrives in Toronto holding $20.
Joyce is a 17-year old girl from Republic of Congo.
She tells the story of her father forcing her to prostitution.
Joyce had lost her mother during the war in Congo.
The teens arrive in Canada unaware of any information about Canada.
They are first confronted with the English language.
These two teenage “kids” receive assistance from Canada in regards to their relocation.
Joyce is a French-speaking French girl with a great talent for music.
She has an excellent voice, which she believes her mother inherited.
They both end up staying in their apartment alone, seeking companionship.
The plot is well-woven and highlights the struggles of refugees through Joyce, Saillieu.
Canada’s Red Cross society helps Saillieu.
They need money to be eligible for refugee settlement.
Joyce is determined to find a job to pay her application fee.
Saillieu relocates to Matthew House which is a Toronto-based refugee service.
Joyce meets French-speaking friends that can help her.
Both Joyce and the government provide $630 in aid to enable them to continue their school studies. The money goes towards their room rent, as well as other expenses.
But they share the same goal: to obtain a Permanent Resident Identification.
Struggle Against Identity Crisis
The North American refugee crisis of identity has been a problem (Tecle & Jim, 2014).
They realize that they are not their compatriots.
Joyce wants friendship with French-speaking people, while Saillieu is a fast learner of English.
Both teens are receiving positive feedback from the Canadian government regarding their permanent settlement.
Joyce wants to be a teacher, but she must first complete her high-school course.
Saillieu gets a job in the city as a firefighter, so he decides that he will go to night school and work during the day.
This is not Joyce or Sallieu trying their best to live in a different world.
There are millions, if not thousands, of refugees from both Canada and the United States who long for their identity.
Joyce is brought to a settlement office where she is asked about her family and country.
She completes all necessary formalities in order to apply for permanent residency.
She is able to meet all of the settlement criteria.
Finally, they found a new world in which they can live happily and achieve their dreams of prosperity.
Both the teens and the government are in their favor.
But most immigrants remain stuck in the legal system.
Canada has thousands of homeless immigrants.
They do not have a residence permanente (Robinson 2016).
They do not have a job.
They receive assistance from the Red Cross and various settlement service agencies in order to go to college or school.
They can’t afford the money, which is the problem.
Joyce and Saillieu don’t have much to save except for the cost of their accommodation, electricity, food, and telephone bills.
Many teens with similar stories can have a chance at permanent settlement, as they are allowed to stay in the country.
Understanding The Ecological Approach To Social Work
According to the ecological perspective, the environment includes natural factors like chemical, biological, and physical.
These are called the natural resources.
Ecological approach is to social work because human beings are a part the natural resources. It suggests that humans and their environment be viewed as an integrated whole.
Social work theory is supported by empirical studies. Therefore, practitioners should be able to understand the dynamics of the practice.
While social workers have to deal with some of the most complicated events in society, there are also many other issues.
To understand the complexity of these issues, an ecological approach looks at them from different perspectives.
These include macro, mezzo and micro level issues.
Social Work Issues
There are three levels to interventions and issues that can be taken based on the ecological approach.
Individual social workers may face different issues
Problems facing institutions
Community, political system, other social bodies
A micro level of social work is usually performed by individuals, small groups, and families in order to assist victims.
The individuals greatly support the “New Canadians”, who live in Canada.
There are many issues that the immigrant must face and social workers can’t solve them.
The first obstacle for immigrants in new countries is xenophobia.
While this is a major social problem, it is not being eliminated from certain communities.
Although many initiatives have been taken to assist refugees arriving in the country, not all of them succeed due to the system’s complexity.
A second problem that individuals have to face when helping refugees and newcomers in Canada, is the inability to reach the Settlement Agencies. The entire process is confidential.
They can’t exercise any legitimate aid without the government’s intervention (Stewart, et al. (2015)
In modern times, national security has been adapting austerity to its laws and judicial procedures.
To allow refugees to live together, there are provisions for asylum.
With this in mind, individual aid is becoming less relevant in the country (Gibson (2014)).
The language barrier is another hurdle that people face when they interact with immigrants.
The majority of foreign immigrants to Canada come from Africa or Afghanistan.
The language barrier is therefore a significant obstacle between immigrants and social workers.
Some social workers try to help others by providing social welfare.
These small groups also include small NGOs which take care the country’s settlements.
These are the main issues encountered during mezzo level social services.
Many small organizations, such as schools for refugees or community building, do mezzo-level social service.
In this case, community building is the most important body.
Joyce is shown in the film finding a community that she likes and where she can make friends with people of her same category, the refugees.
The community members are diverse in religion, ethnicity and language but they all have one common thread that binds them together.
The string is the need for better living conditions and a sense of identity in a foreign country.
Joyce considers the church an important part of her life.
In the church, she finds a new dimension to her life.
She is at home in church.
She sings in the church and it builds her confidence.
These communities are often isolated from the main society.
They only care about their own members and aren’t interested in helping the ‘others’.
Mathew House, another excellent example of mezzo-level social service is Mathew House.
It is a refuge for the homeless.
Saillieu and Mathew House find a new home.
They are able to feel connected.
Saillieu found the apartment claustrophobic, having lived alone for many years.
He was without a friend and couldn’t afford to rent expensive rooms.
Mathew House represents a typical example of a neighborhood where people like Saillieu have the ability to make a living.
However, there are also problems.
Most neighbourhoods are not responsive to the needs of refugees.
These groups have different settlement policies (Root et. al. 2014).
Macro-level social work is the result or continuous effort of the individual or persons belonging to one of the two other categories.
Law and the judicial or legislative body can intervene to help change the society (Goldring & Landolt (2013)).
Macro-level work is what immigrants face directly.
But they are not interrogated.
Red Cross to Saillieu proved to be the greatest beneficiary by supporting him during wartime.
Both government and law-practitioners were kind and understanding in the case of Joyce and Saillieu.
They don’t always show the same kindness to everyone.
Recent security issues have created restrictions and bound the Government, making this a complex process.
One of the biggest obstacles facing the government is local agitation against refugees (lackof employment among native Canadians).
This category includes social workers who can assist the individual with data collection from the immigration department.
i) Social workers may use monetary assistance as a first intervention.
iii. Individuals can contact settlement service agencies.
iii. Social workers can initiate formalities such collecting information on an immigrant – including his/her exact address in the homeland, parental identity, and so forth.
i) Some workers could go to the local schools where most of the immigrant students are accepted to study.
It is important that schools are properly directed so that minorities can be educated.
The focus of teaching second languages must be given because many immigrants come from non-English-speaking countries (Sullivan & Simonson 2016).
iii) ESL is an intervention by social workers in the country.
iii. Workers can help immigrants to find the right community, where they can have fun and lead happy lives.
iv. A social campaign should properly be distributed in the community to create a more friendly society that is compassionate for all.
v) As healthcare is another issue that social workers need to address, they should contact clinics and hospitals in the country to make sure the immigrant can access medical services.
i) This is one of the most challenging and tiring jobs for social workers.
Social workers are required to inform refugees of the laws and regulations that govern their country of residence.
iii. It will be the responsibility of the social workers at macro to prepare necessary papers for immigrants so they can attend hearings without difficulty.
Social workers are often not able to provide the necessary assistance, and the immigrant drivers can become blind while driving on busy roads.
There are strict laws that govern the settlement and treatment of immigrants.
Canadian Immigration Acts and Legislation have been regulated to facilitate the settlement and protection of those who have fled persecution.
Social workers are required to create a society that is free from racism and xenophobia.
Many of the migrants have a terrible past. They should be legalized and allowed to enter the country.
In many countries such as the USA, Canada and UK, immigration and refugee settle is a major problem.
With the assistance of social workers, NGOs and other professionals, it is being handled sensitively.
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