What questions do you have about the ideas in the post? What can you add to their ideas, building upon the connections you have made to the material so far? Your responses to other learners are expected to be substantive, referencing the assigned readings as well as other scholarly or professional literature to support your statements. End with a positive. 250 minimum words.
This post will review Baltes’ theory on gains and losses, with a focus on perceptual (visual) identification. In this post, we will briefly review Baltes’s theory and how one gains and losses abilities throughout their life span. We will discuss the process of growth, maintenance, and regulation of skills over the life span of an individual.
Baltes’s theory states that over the lifetime of a person they experience gains and losses and research finds that these gains and losses can co-exist (Baltes, 1995; Heckhausen et al., 1989). When it involves gains and losses Baltes (1995) has focused on types of coping skills needed as one age, this will be explored further in the following section.
Process of Growth, Maintenance, and Regulation
Throughout the life span of a person, they develop visual perceptive skills. Waszak et al. (2009) looked at 226 individuals ages 6 to 88 years. Findings indicate that performance on the identification of masked symbols during leisure under high and low stimulus class(Waszak et al., 2009) and various stimulus onset asynchronies increased from childhood to early adulthood(Waszak et al., 2009). An interesting finding that occurred was that the changes in performance were not linked to the loss of process speed in adulthood (Waszak et al., 2009). However, growth in this area has been found to be related to an increase in processing speeds (Waszak et al., 2009). Maintenance of this skill occurs in early to mid-adulthood. Regulation can occur in many ways but there are three common ways that a person engages in regulation, they will be explored in the following section.
Baltes (1995) found three behavior characteristics that adults use for regulation in old age selected optimization with compensation, learned helplessness, and learned dependency.